Now, therefore, be it
Monday, November 5, 2012
1933 March 9, a bank emergency [bankruptcy] was declared by President Roosevelt because of the insolvency of the United States. Executive Order 6073, 6102, 6111, 6260; Senate Report 93-549, pgs. 187 & 594, 1973.
1933 March 9,“The new money (paper promissory notes) is issued to the banks in return for Government Obligation Debts, bills of exchange, drafts, notes, trade acceptances, and banker’s acceptances. The new money will be worth 100 cents on the dollar, because it is backed by the credit of the nation. It will represent a mortgage on all the homes and other property of all the people in the Nation.” Senate Document No. 43, 73rd Congressional Record, 1st Session.
Executive Order 6102, gold was transferred from U. S. Citizens to the United States, 1933 May 1.
Congressman, Louis T. McFadden brought formal charges (Congressional Record May 23, 1933 page 4055-4058) against the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve Bank system, The Comptroller of the Currency and the Secretary of United States Treasury for numerous criminal acts, including but not limited to, conspiracy, fraud, unlawful conversion and treason. The petition for Articles of Impeachment was thereafter referred to the Judiciary Committee and has yet to be acted on.
1933 June 5, to mitigate McFadden's charges (and prevent being hung for treason), Congress passed House Joint Resolution 192 to provide U. S. Citizens the right to set off all Government Obligated Debts as the consideration (something bargained for i.e., an exchange) for the transfer (theft) of all the gold and property.
HJR192 CLAUSE, JUNE 5, 1933 73rd Cong., 1st Sess.
Joint resolution to assure uniform value to the coins and currencies of the United States.
Whereas the holding of or dealing in gold affect the public interest, and therefore subject to proper regulation and restriction; and
Whereas the existing emergency has disclosed that provisions of obligations which purport to give the obligee a right to require payment in gold or a particular kind of coin or currency of the United States, or in an amount of money of the United States measured thereby, obstruct the power of the Congress to regulate the value of money of the United States, and are inconsistent with the declared policy of the Congress to maintain at all times the equal power of every dollar, coined or issued by the United States, in the markets and in the payment of debts.
Now, therefore, be it
Now, therefore, be it
Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That:
every provision contained in or made with respect to any obligation which purports to give the obligee a right to require payment in gold or a particular kind of coin or currency, or in an amount in money of the United States measured thereby, is declared to be against public policy; and no such provision shall be contained in or made with respect to any obligation hereafter incurred.
Every obligation, heretofore or hereafter incurred, whether or not any such provisions is contained therein or made with respect thereto, shall be discharged upon payment, dollar for dollar, in any such coin or currency which at the time of payment is legal tender for public and private debts.
Any such provision contained in any law authorizing obligations to be issued by or under authority of the United States, is hereby repealed, but the repeal of any such provision shall not invalidate any other provision or authority contained in such law.
As used in this resolution, the term “obligation” means an obligation (including every obligation of and to the United States, excepting currency) payable in money of the United States; and the term “coin or currency” means coin or currency of the United States, including Federal Reserve notes and circulating notes of Federal Reserve banks and national banking associations. SEC. 2. The last sentence of paragraph (1) of subsection (b) of § 43 of the Act entitled “An Act to relieve the existing national economic emergency by increasing agricultural purchasing power, to raise revenue for extraordinary expenses incurred by reason of such emergency, to provide emergency relief with respect to agricultural indebtedness, to provide for the orderly liquidation of joint-stock land banks, and for other purposes”, approved May 12, 1933, is amended to read as follows:
“All coins and currencies of the United States (including Federal Reserve notes and circulating notes of Federal Reserve banks and national banking associations) heretofore or hereafter coined or issued, shall be legal tender for all debts, for public and private, public charges, taxes, duties, and dues, except that gold coins, when below the standard weight and limit of tolerance provided by law for the single piece, shall be legal tender only at valuation in proportion to their actual weight.” Approved June 5, 1933, 4:30 p.m.
Title 12.221 Definitions – “The terms ‘national bank’ and ‘national banking association’....shall be held to be synonymous and interchangeable.”
Federal Reserve Notes can only “discharge” (hand it off to another) a debt. A debt, to be extinguished, must be “paid” with value or substance (i.e. gold, silver, barter or a commodity. My actual labor is the equivalent of gold and silver.). For this reason HJR-192 (1933), which established the “public policy” of our current monetary system, repeatedly uses the technical term of “discharge” in conjunction with “payment” in laying out public policy for the new system.
Now it is public policy “Public Law 73-10” that paying in gold or silver is no longer an option. If we are not using lawful money “gold or silver”, then it has to be Circulating notes in order to exchange them for FRN’s. Circulating notes are the Titles, Birth Certificates, Death Certificates, Marriage License, Social Security cards, Drivers License, Voters Registration, and many other “circulating papers” issued by the government. This was done as an emergency act of congress. This HJR 192 is not an Amendment: And neither resolutions, nor statutes can override the Constitution mandates. However, this would apply only to the Republican form of Government, The United States of America, not the Democracy, UNITED STATES.
Either way, congress has their limitations, Caha v. United States, 152 U.S. 211, 215, 14 S.Ct. 513 “The laws of Congress do not extend into the territorial limits of the states, but have force ONLY in the District of Columbia, and other places that are WITHIN the EXCLUSIVE jurisdiction of the national government,”
Thus, they had no authority, or did they? They created subdivisions of the US CORPORATION, called STATES i.e. OREGON, TEXAS, MAIN, FLORIDA, and all the others. Zip Codes indicate DC (District of Columbia) subdivision, called STATES. By fraud, deception, and misdirection, they have deprived us of lawful money. However, that is not all they did.
1950 Congress declared “bankruptcy and reorganization”. Secretary of Treasury appointed receiver in the bankruptcy. Reorganization Plan, No. 26, 5 U.S.C.A. 903; Public Law 94-564; Legislative History, Pg. 5967.
1973 “Since March 9th, 1933, the United States has been in a state of declared national emergency (bankruptcy)...” Senate Resolution 9, 93d. Congress, 1st. Session, Foreward.
1977 Oct. 28th, the United States as a “Corporator” and “State” declared insolvency. State banks and most other banks were put under control of the “Governor” (Secretary of the U. S. Treasury) of the “Fund” (I.M.F.). 26 IRC 165 (g)(1); U.C.C. 1-201(23), C.R.S. 39-22-103.5, Westfall vs. Braley, 10 Ohio 188, 75 Am. Dec. 509, Adams vs. Richardson, 337 S.W. 2d. 911; Ward vs. Smith, 7 Wall 447.
1993 March 17th, United States Congressional Record, Vol. 33, page H-1303. Speaker-Rep. James Traficant, Jr. (Ohio) addressing the House: “Mr. Speaker, we are here now in chapter 11. Members of Congress are official trustees presiding over the greatest reorganization of any Bankrupt entity in world history, the U. S. Government. It is an established fact that the United States Federal Government has been dissolved by the Emergency Banking Act, March 9, 1933, 48 Stat. 1, Public Law 89-719; declared by President Roosevelt, being bankrupt and insolvent. H.J.R. 192, 73rd Congress m session June 5, 1933 – Joint Resolution To Suspend The Gold Standard and Abrogate The Gold Clause dissolved the Sovereign Authority of the United States and the official capacities of all United States Governmental Offices, Officers, and Departments and is further evidence that the United States Federal Government exists today in name only.”